Horses are herbivorous and basically exhibit hind gut fermentation. So it is very much essential to exercise proper feeding management in horses so as to obstruct both over feeding and under feeding. The salient features are emphasized regarding feeding.
1. Do not provide non nitrogenous protein substances like urea to horses of all types as they can not digest like ruminants.
2. Horses should be supplied dry matter at least 1.5percent of body weight.
3. Body weight (kg)= heart girth (cm)* 2.7 for light breeds
Body weight (kg)= heart girth (cm)* 3.1 for medium breeds
5. As far as green forage is concerned, best fodder is lucerne (either green or hay).
6. For greater use and assimilation of nutrients, the entire daily ration may be divided into 4-6 individual meals.
7. Regularity in feeding, prevent whole feeding before and after exercise and altering ration composition gradually are most important symbols in horse feeding.
8. In horses it is particular that fodder roughage is given before grains. But if chopped fodder is available then it may be combined with grains or concentrate.
9. No group feeding is advised as far as grain feeding is concerned.
10. To avoid mineral deficiency, daily 25-40 gm mineral mixture is added with targets.
12. For medium work, it requires 0.86 kg DCP, 50 gm Calcium, 50 gm phosphorous and 135 mg carotene.
13. And for heavy work, it requires 1.10 kg DCP, 60 gm calcium, 60 gm phosphorus and 170 mg carotene.
15. The requirement of drinking water is 36liters each day and might vary according to seasons as in summer the requirement of water increases.
16. For general practise, it’s to provide water before feeding.
17. In general watering program, watering should be done three times a day in summer and twice a day in different seasons.
18. Early spring is considered as best breeding time in india.
19. Puberty is attained at the age of 18 months.
20. Mating should be allowed at 3 yrs old when it attains 75 percent of body weight,
21. Eestrous cycle is 21 days and length of heat is 4-6 days.
22. The should be bred two to three days after appearance of warmth symptoms.
23. The tail of the mare ought to be bandaged and stored away to one side so as to not interfere during copulation.
24. For breeding, 1 stallion is sufficient for 30-40 mares.
25. A stallion should be used for 5 times in a week.
26. One most observable sight at the time of parturition is that the appearance of beads of wax on teats one or two days prior to delivery.